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For example, I may use python setup.py build --compiler=msvc or python setup.py build --compiler=mingw32 or just python setup.py build, in which case the default compiler (say, bcpp) will be used. How can I get the compiler name inside my setup.py (e. g. msvc, mingw32 and bcpp, respectively)?

UPD.: I don't need the default compiler, I need the one that is actually going to be used, which is not necessarily the default one. So far I haven't found a better way than to parse sys.argv to see if there's a --compiler... string there.

    • I have the same problem. I want to include an extra stdint.h header for msvc, but not other compilers.

This is an expanded version of Luper Rouch's answer that worked for me to get an openmp extension to compile using both mingw and msvc on windows. After subclassing build_ext you need to pass it to setup.py in the cmdclass arg. By subclassing build_extensions instead of finalize_options you'll have the actual compiler object to look into, so you can then get more detailed version information. You could eventually set compiler flags on a per-compiler, per-extension basis:

from distutils.core import setup, Extension
from distutils.command.build_ext import build_ext
copt =  {'msvc': ['/openmp', '/Ox', '/fp:fast','/favor:INTEL64','/Og']  ,
     'mingw32' : ['-fopenmp','-O3','-ffast-math','-march=native']       }
lopt =  {'mingw32' : ['-fopenmp'] }

class build_ext_subclass( build_ext ):
    def build_extensions(self):
        c = self.compiler.compiler_type
        if copt.has_key(c):
           for e in self.extensions:
               e.extra_compile_args = copt[ c ]
        if lopt.has_key(c):
            for e in self.extensions:
                e.extra_link_args = lopt[ c ]
        build_ext.build_extensions(self)

mod = Extension('_wripaca',
            sources=['../wripaca_wrap.c', 
                     '../../src/wripaca.c'],
            include_dirs=['../../include']
            )

setup (name = 'wripaca',
   ext_modules = [mod],
   py_modules = ["wripaca"],
   cmdclass = {'build_ext': build_ext_subclass } )
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You can subclass the distutils.command.build_ext.build_ext command.

Once build_ext.finalize_options() method has been called, the compiler type is stored in self.compiler.compiler_type as a string (the same as the one passed to the build_ext's --compiler option, e.g. 'mingw32', 'gcc', etc...).

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#This should work pretty good
def compilerName():
  import re
  import distutils.ccompiler
  comp = distutils.ccompiler.get_default_compiler()
  getnext = False

  for a in sys.argv[2:]:
    if getnext:
      comp = a
      getnext = False
      continue
    #separated by space
    if a == '--compiler'  or  re.search('^-[a-z]*c$', a):
      getnext = True
      continue
    #without space
    m = re.search('^--compiler=(.+)', a)
    if m == None:
      m = re.search('^-[a-z]*c(.+)', a)
    if m:
      comp = m.group(1)

  return comp


print "Using compiler " + '"' + compilerName() + '"'
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class BuildWithDLLs(build):

    # On Windows, we install the git2.dll too.
    def _get_dlls(self):
        # return a list of of (FQ-in-name, relative-out-name) tuples.
        ret = []
        bld_ext = self.distribution.get_command_obj('build_ext')
        compiler_type = bld_ext.compiler.compiler_type

You can use self.distribution.get_command_obj('build_ext') to get build_ext instance, and then get the compiler_type

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