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name Punditsdkoslkdosdkoskdo

SciPy/Python install on Ubuntu

I'm currently following the tutorial Installing the SciPy Stack to install SciPy on Ubuntu 12.04 (Precise Pangolin) (I can't use apt-get install because I need a recent version).

However, I get errors when I do the following commands:

python setup.py build
sudo python setup.py install --prefix=/usr/local   # Installs to /usr/local

python setup.py build

michael@michael-laptop-ubuntu:~/Downloads/scipy-0.11.0rc1$ python setup.py buildRunning from scipy source directory.
blas_opt_info:
blas_mkl_info:
  libraries mkl,vml,guide not found in /usr/local/lib
  libraries mkl,vml,guide not found in /usr/lib
  libraries mkl,vml,guide not found in /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu
  NOT AVAILABLE

atlas_blas_threads_info:
Setting PTATLAS=ATLAS
  libraries ptf77blas,ptcblas,atlas not found in /usr/local/lib
  libraries ptf77blas,ptcblas,atlas not found in /usr/lib/sse2
  libraries ptf77blas,ptcblas,atlas not found in /usr/lib
  libraries ptf77blas,ptcblas,atlas not found in /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/sse2
  libraries ptf77blas,ptcblas,atlas not found in /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu
  NOT AVAILABLE

atlas_blas_info:
  libraries f77blas,cblas,atlas not found in /usr/local/lib
  libraries f77blas,cblas,atlas not found in /usr/lib/sse2
  libraries f77blas,cblas,atlas not found in /usr/lib
  libraries f77blas,cblas,atlas not found in /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/sse2
  libraries f77blas,cblas,atlas not found in /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu
  NOT AVAILABLE

/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/system_info.py:1423: UserWarning: 
    Atlas (http://math-atlas.sourceforge.net/) libraries not found.
    Directories to search for the libraries can be specified in the
    numpy/distutils/site.cfg file (section [atlas]) or by setting
    the ATLAS environment variable.
  warnings.warn(AtlasNotFoundError.__doc__)
blas_info:
  libraries blas not found in /usr/local/lib
  libraries blas not found in /usr/lib
  libraries blas not found in /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu
  NOT AVAILABLE

/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/system_info.py:1432: UserWarning: 
    Blas (http://www.netlib.org/blas/) libraries not found.
    Directories to search for the libraries can be specified in the
    numpy/distutils/site.cfg file (section [blas]) or by setting
    the BLAS environment variable.
  warnings.warn(BlasNotFoundError.__doc__)
blas_src_info:
  NOT AVAILABLE

/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/system_info.py:1435: UserWarning: 
    Blas (http://www.netlib.org/blas/) sources not found.
    Directories to search for the sources can be specified in the
    numpy/distutils/site.cfg file (section [blas_src]) or by setting
    the BLAS_SRC environment variable.
  warnings.warn(BlasSrcNotFoundError.__doc__)
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "setup.py", line 208, in <module>
    setup_package()
  File "setup.py", line 199, in setup_package
    configuration=configuration )
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/core.py", line 152, in setup
    config = configuration()
  File "setup.py", line 136, in configuration
    config.add_subpackage('scipy')
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/misc_util.py", line 1002, in add_subpackage
    caller_level = 2)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/misc_util.py", line 971, in get_subpackage
    caller_level = caller_level + 1)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/misc_util.py", line 908, in _get_configuration_from_setup_py
    config = setup_module.configuration(*args)
  File "scipy/setup.py", line 8, in configuration
    config.add_subpackage('integrate')
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/misc_util.py", line 1002, in add_subpackage
    caller_level = 2)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/misc_util.py", line 971, in get_subpackage
    caller_level = caller_level + 1)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/misc_util.py", line 908, in _get_configuration_from_setup_py
    config = setup_module.configuration(*args)
  File "scipy/integrate/setup.py", line 10, in configuration
    blas_opt = get_info('blas_opt',notfound_action=2)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/system_info.py", line 320, in get_info
    return cl().get_info(notfound_action)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/system_info.py", line 471, in get_info
    raise self.notfounderror(self.notfounderror.__doc__)
numpy.distutils.system_info.BlasNotFoundError: 
    Blas (http://www.netlib.org/blas/) libraries not found.
    Directories to search for the libraries can be specified in the
    numpy/distutils/site.cfg file (section [blas]) or by setting
    the BLAS environment variable.
Error in sys.excepthook:
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/apport_python_hook.py", line 64, in apport_excepthook
    from apport.fileutils import likely_packaged, get_recent_crashes
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/apport/__init__.py", line 1, in <module>
    from apport.report import Report
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/apport/report.py", line 18, in <module>
    import problem_report
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/problem_report.py", line 14, in <module>
    import zlib, base64, time, sys, gzip, struct, os
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/gzip.py", line 10, in <module>
    import io
  File "/home/michael/Downloads/scipy-0.11.0rc1/scipy/io/__init__.py", line 83, in <module>
    from matlab import loadmat, savemat, byteordercodes
  File "/home/michael/Downloads/scipy-0.11.0rc1/scipy/io/matlab/__init__.py", line 11, in <module>
    from mio import loadmat, savemat
  File "/home/michael/Downloads/scipy-0.11.0rc1/scipy/io/matlab/mio.py", line 15, in <module>
    from mio4 import MatFile4Reader, MatFile4Writer
  File "/home/michael/Downloads/scipy-0.11.0rc1/scipy/io/matlab/mio4.py", line 9, in <module>
    import scipy.sparse
  File "/home/michael/Downloads/scipy-0.11.0rc1/scipy/sparse/__init__.py", line 180, in <module>
    from csr import *
  File "/home/michael/Downloads/scipy-0.11.0rc1/scipy/sparse/csr.py", line 12, in <module>
    from sparsetools import csr_tocsc, csr_tobsr, csr_count_blocks, \
  File "/home/michael/Downloads/scipy-0.11.0rc1/scipy/sparse/sparsetools/__init__.py", line 4, in <module>
    from csr import *
  File "/home/michael/Downloads/scipy-0.11.0rc1/scipy/sparse/sparsetools/csr.py", line 25, in <module>
    _csr = swig_import_helper()
  File "/home/michael/Downloads/scipy-0.11.0rc1/scipy/sparse/sparsetools/csr.py", line 17, in swig_import_helper
    import _csr
ImportError: No module named _csr

Original exception was:
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "setup.py", line 208, in <module>
    setup_package()
  File "setup.py", line 199, in setup_package
    configuration=configuration )
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/core.py", line 152, in setup
    config = configuration()
  File "setup.py", line 136, in configuration
    config.add_subpackage('scipy')
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/misc_util.py", line 1002, in add_subpackage
    caller_level = 2)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/misc_util.py", line 971, in get_subpackage
    caller_level = caller_level + 1)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/misc_util.py", line 908, in _get_configuration_from_setup_py
    config = setup_module.configuration(*args)
  File "scipy/setup.py", line 8, in configuration
    config.add_subpackage('integrate')
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/misc_util.py", line 1002, in add_subpackage
    caller_level = 2)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/misc_util.py", line 971, in get_subpackage
    caller_level = caller_level + 1)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/misc_util.py", line 908, in _get_configuration_from_setup_py
    config = setup_module.configuration(*args)
  File "scipy/integrate/setup.py", line 10, in configuration
    blas_opt = get_info('blas_opt',notfound_action=2)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/system_info.py", line 320, in get_info
    return cl().get_info(notfound_action)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/system_info.py", line 471, in get_info
    raise self.notfounderror(self.notfounderror.__doc__)
numpy.distutils.system_info.BlasNotFoundError: 
    Blas (http://www.netlib.org/blas/) libraries not found.
    Directories to search for the libraries can be specified in the
    numpy/distutils/site.cfg file (section [blas]) or by setting
    the BLAS environment variable.

sudo python setup.py install --prefix=/usr/local # installs to /usr/local

michael@michael-laptop-ubuntu:~/Downloads/scipy-0.11.0rc1$ sudo python setup.py install --prefix=/usr/local
[sudo] password for michael: 
Running from scipy source directory.
blas_opt_info:
blas_mkl_info:
  libraries mkl,vml,guide not found in /usr/local/lib
  libraries mkl,vml,guide not found in /usr/lib
  libraries mkl,vml,guide not found in /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu
  NOT AVAILABLE

atlas_blas_threads_info:
Setting PTATLAS=ATLAS
  libraries ptf77blas,ptcblas,atlas not found in /usr/local/lib
  libraries ptf77blas,ptcblas,atlas not found in /usr/lib/sse2
  libraries ptf77blas,ptcblas,atlas not found in /usr/lib
  libraries ptf77blas,ptcblas,atlas not found in /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/sse2
  libraries ptf77blas,ptcblas,atlas not found in /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu
  NOT AVAILABLE

atlas_blas_info:
  libraries f77blas,cblas,atlas not found in /usr/local/lib
  libraries f77blas,cblas,atlas not found in /usr/lib/sse2
  libraries f77blas,cblas,atlas not found in /usr/lib
  libraries f77blas,cblas,atlas not found in /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/sse2
  libraries f77blas,cblas,atlas not found in /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu
  NOT AVAILABLE

/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/system_info.py:1423: UserWarning: 
    Atlas (http://math-atlas.sourceforge.net/) libraries not found.
    Directories to search for the libraries can be specified in the
    numpy/distutils/site.cfg file (section [atlas]) or by setting
    the ATLAS environment variable.
  warnings.warn(AtlasNotFoundError.__doc__)
blas_info:
  libraries blas not found in /usr/local/lib
  libraries blas not found in /usr/lib
  libraries blas not found in /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu
  NOT AVAILABLE

/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/system_info.py:1432: UserWarning: 
    Blas (http://www.netlib.org/blas/) libraries not found.
    Directories to search for the libraries can be specified in the
    numpy/distutils/site.cfg file (section [blas]) or by setting
    the BLAS environment variable.
  warnings.warn(BlasNotFoundError.__doc__)
blas_src_info:
  NOT AVAILABLE

/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/system_info.py:1435: UserWarning: 
    Blas (http://www.netlib.org/blas/) sources not found.
    Directories to search for the sources can be specified in the
    numpy/distutils/site.cfg file (section [blas_src]) or by setting
    the BLAS_SRC environment variable.
  warnings.warn(BlasSrcNotFoundError.__doc__)
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "setup.py", line 208, in <module>
    setup_package()
  File "setup.py", line 199, in setup_package
    configuration=configuration )
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/core.py", line 152, in setup
    config = configuration()
  File "setup.py", line 136, in configuration
    config.add_subpackage('scipy')
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/misc_util.py", line 1002, in add_subpackage
    caller_level = 2)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/misc_util.py", line 971, in get_subpackage
    caller_level = caller_level + 1)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/misc_util.py", line 908, in _get_configuration_from_setup_py
    config = setup_module.configuration(*args)
  File "scipy/setup.py", line 8, in configuration
    config.add_subpackage('integrate')
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/misc_util.py", line 1002, in add_subpackage
    caller_level = 2)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/misc_util.py", line 971, in get_subpackage
    caller_level = caller_level + 1)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/misc_util.py", line 908, in _get_configuration_from_setup_py
    config = setup_module.configuration(*args)
  File "scipy/integrate/setup.py", line 10, in configuration
    blas_opt = get_info('blas_opt',notfound_action=2)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/system_info.py", line 320, in get_info
    return cl().get_info(notfound_action)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/system_info.py", line 471, in get_info
    raise self.notfounderror(self.notfounderror.__doc__)
numpy.distutils.system_info.BlasNotFoundError: 
    Blas (http://www.netlib.org/blas/) libraries not found.
    Directories to search for the libraries can be specified in the
    numpy/distutils/site.cfg file (section [blas]) or by setting
    the BLAS environment variable.
Error in sys.excepthook:
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/apport_python_hook.py", line 64, in apport_excepthook
    from apport.fileutils import likely_packaged, get_recent_crashes
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/apport/__init__.py", line 1, in <module>
    from apport.report import Report
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/apport/report.py", line 18, in <module>
    import problem_report
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/problem_report.py", line 14, in <module>
    import zlib, base64, time, sys, gzip, struct, os
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/gzip.py", line 10, in <module>
    import io
  File "/home/michael/Downloads/scipy-0.11.0rc1/scipy/io/__init__.py", line 83, in <module>
    from matlab import loadmat, savemat, byteordercodes
  File "/home/michael/Downloads/scipy-0.11.0rc1/scipy/io/matlab/__init__.py", line 11, in <module>
    from mio import loadmat, savemat
  File "/home/michael/Downloads/scipy-0.11.0rc1/scipy/io/matlab/mio.py", line 15, in <module>
    from mio4 import MatFile4Reader, MatFile4Writer
  File "/home/michael/Downloads/scipy-0.11.0rc1/scipy/io/matlab/mio4.py", line 9, in <module>
    import scipy.sparse
  File "/home/michael/Downloads/scipy-0.11.0rc1/scipy/sparse/__init__.py", line 180, in <module>
    from csr import *
  File "/home/michael/Downloads/scipy-0.11.0rc1/scipy/sparse/csr.py", line 12, in <module>
    from sparsetools import csr_tocsc, csr_tobsr, csr_count_blocks, \
  File "/home/michael/Downloads/scipy-0.11.0rc1/scipy/sparse/sparsetools/__init__.py", line 4, in <module>
    from csr import *
  File "/home/michael/Downloads/scipy-0.11.0rc1/scipy/sparse/sparsetools/csr.py", line 25, in <module>
    _csr = swig_import_helper()
  File "/home/michael/Downloads/scipy-0.11.0rc1/scipy/sparse/sparsetools/csr.py", line 17, in swig_import_helper
    import _csr
ImportError: No module named _csr

Original exception was:
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "setup.py", line 208, in <module>
    setup_package()
  File "setup.py", line 199, in setup_package
    configuration=configuration )
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/core.py", line 152, in setup
    config = configuration()
  File "setup.py", line 136, in configuration
    config.add_subpackage('scipy')
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/misc_util.py", line 1002, in add_subpackage
    caller_level = 2)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/misc_util.py", line 971, in get_subpackage
    caller_level = caller_level + 1)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/misc_util.py", line 908, in _get_configuration_from_setup_py
    config = setup_module.configuration(*args)
  File "scipy/setup.py", line 8, in configuration
    config.add_subpackage('integrate')
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/misc_util.py", line 1002, in add_subpackage
    caller_level = 2)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/misc_util.py", line 971, in get_subpackage
    caller_level = caller_level + 1)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/misc_util.py", line 908, in _get_configuration_from_setup_py
    config = setup_module.configuration(*args)
  File "scipy/integrate/setup.py", line 10, in configuration
    blas_opt = get_info('blas_opt',notfound_action=2)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/system_info.py", line 320, in get_info
    return cl().get_info(notfound_action)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/distutils/system_info.py", line 471, in get_info
    raise self.notfounderror(self.notfounderror.__doc__)
numpy.distutils.system_info.BlasNotFoundError: 
    Blas (http://www.netlib.org/blas/) libraries not found.
    Directories to search for the libraries can be specified in the
    numpy/distutils/site.cfg file (section [blas]) or by setting
    the BLAS environment variable.

Moreover, how do I test if this module was installed correctly?

My usual work flow is to use a virtualenv to have a Python distribution with up-to-date packages.

Within this environment you can than install and update all packages you need with pip and without any sudo calls.

So if you only need SciPy (and NumPy) this would be:

$ sudo apt-get install python-virtualenv python-pip
$ sudo apt-get build-dep python-numpy python-scipy
$ # Create virtualenv in home
$ virtualenv .myenv
$ # Activate the virtualenv
$ source .myenv/bin/activate
(myenv)$ pip install -U numpy
(myenv)$ pip install -U scipy

(If you don't have root access, you can install virtualenv and pip as described here. However, you need the dependencies of NumPy and SciPy.)

You can include source .myenv/bin/activate in your .bash_profile and your shell will always start with that environment. If you use requirement files it is easy to install and maintain the same environments on all your machines.

  • 26
Reply Report

You need to download and install Atlas as the output suggests. After that, retry the SciPy installation.

Other option would be apt-get install older version. This will auto-install all the dependencies; and then install the newer one by hand. This will result in two libraries on your machine, one in /usr/share/pyshared most likely and another one somewhere under /usr/local, but you can make sure which one is loaded by altering the module loading path.

Also, if you will ommit --prefix=/usr/local, while installing newer version on top of older one, it will just get overwritten and the path mangling won't be required.

  • 4
Reply Report
    • You probably need apt-get build-dep scipy to install -dev packages that are required to compile it. Just apt-get install scipy won't install those.

For Ubuntu 20.04 on Raspberry Pi 4, Use following:

sudo apt-get install libblas3 liblapack3 liblapack-dev libblas-dev gfortran libatlas-base-dev

and then use pip to install latest packages.

pip install scipy
  • 1
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