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name Punditsdkoslkdosdkoskdo

SQLAlchemy - select for update example

I'm looking for a complete example of using select for update in SQLAlchemy, but haven't found one googling. I need to lock a single row and update a column, the following code doesn't work (blocks forever):

s = table.select(table.c.user=="test",for_update=True)
# Do update or not depending on the row
u = table.update().where(table.c.user=="test")         

Do I need a commit? How do I do that? As far as I know you need to: begin transaction select ... for update update commit

If you are using the ORM, try the with_for_update function:

foo = session.query(Foo).filter(Foo.id==1234).with_for_update().one()
# this row is now locked

foo.name = 'bar'

# this row is now unlocked
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      • 1
    • @??? You do not need to use add. The row becomes locked after executing with_for_update().one(), and unlocked either on session.commit() or session.rollback().

Late answer, but maybe someone will find it useful.

First, you don't need to commit (at least not in-between queries, which I'm assuming you are asking about). Your second query hangs indefinitely, because you are effectively creating two concurrent connections to the database. First one is obtaining lock on selected records, then second one tries to modify locked records. So it can't work properly. (By the way in the example given you are not calling first query at all, so I'm assuming in your real tests you did something like s.execute() somewhere). So to the point—working implementation should look more like:

s = conn.execute(table.select(table.c.user=="test", for_update=True))
u = conn.execute(table.update().where(table.c.user=="test"), {"email": "foo"})

Of course in such simple case there's no reason to do any locking but I guess it is example only and you were planning to add some additional logic between those two calls.

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Yes, you do need to commit, which you can execute on the Engine or create a Transaction explicitely. Also the modifiers are specified in the values(...) method, and not execute:

>>> conn.execute(users.update().
...              where(table.c.user=="test").
...              values(email="foo")
...              ) 
>>> my_engine.commit()
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    • This answer misses the main point of the question given, which is SELECT ... FOR UPDATE usage example. Code from it can be reduced to the proposed form, but then it doesn't use requested construct anymore. Of course if @Mark didn't plan to add any additional logic between obtaining lock and updating records, such reduction is perfectly fine to do.

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