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How to write Pandas dataframe to sqlite with Index

I have a list of stockmarket data pulled from Yahoo in a pandas DataFrame (see format below). The date is serving as the index in the DataFrame. I want to write the data (including the index) out to a SQLite database.

             AAPL     GE
2009-01-02  89.95  14.76
2009-01-05  93.75  14.38
2009-01-06  92.20  14.58
2009-01-07  90.21  13.93
2009-01-08  91.88  13.95

Based on my reading of the write_frame code for Pandas, it does not currently support writing the index. I've attempted to use to_records instead, but ran into the issue with Numpy 1.6.2 and datetimes. Now I'm trying to write tuples using .itertuples, but SQLite throws an error that the data type isn't supported (see code and result below). I'm relatively new to Python, Pandas and Numpy, so it is entirely possible I'm missing something obvious. I think I'm running into a problem trying to write a datetime to SQLite, but I think I might be overcomplicating this.

I think I may be able to fix the issue by upgrading to Numpy 1.7 or the development version of Pandas, which has a fix posted on GitHub. I'd prefer to develop using release versions of software - I'm new to this and I don't want stability issues confusing matters further.

Is there a way to accomplish this using Python 2.7.2, Pandas 0.10.0, and Numpy 1.6.2? Perhaps cleaning the datetimes somehow? I'm in a bit over my head, any help would be appreciated.


import numpy as np
import pandas as pd
from pandas import DataFrame, Series
import sqlite3 as db

# download data from yahoo
all_data = {}

for ticker in ['AAPL', 'GE']:
    all_data[ticker] = pd.io.data.get_data_yahoo(ticker, '1/1/2009','12/31/2012')

# create a data frame
price = DataFrame({tic: data['Adj Close'] for tic, data in all_data.iteritems()})

# get output ready for database export
output = price.itertuples()
data = tuple(output)

# connect to a test DB with one three-column table titled "Demo"
con = db.connect('c:/Python27/test.db')
wildcards = ','.join(['?'] * 3)
insert_sql = 'INSERT INTO Demo VALUES (%s)' % wildcards
con.executemany(insert_sql, data)


InterfaceError                            Traceback (most recent call last)
<ipython-input-15-680cc9889c56> in <module>()
----> 1 con.executemany(insert_sql, data)

InterfaceError: Error binding parameter 0 - probably unsupported type.
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    • If you just want the index as a column in the table, can't you just give your DataFrame a column that duplicates the index?

In recent pandas the index will be saved in the database (you used to have to reset_index first).

Following the docs (setting a SQLite connection in memory):

import sqlite3
# Create your connection.
cnx = sqlite3.connect(':memory:')

Note: You can also pass a SQLAlchemy engine here (see end of answer).

We can save price2 to cnx:

price2.to_sql(name='price2', con=cnx)

We can retrieve via read_sql:

p2 = pd.read_sql('select * from price2', cnx)

However, when stored (and retrieved) dates are unicode rather than Timestamp. To convert back to what we started with we can use pd.to_datetime:

p2.Date = pd.to_datetime(p2.Date)
p = p2.set_index('Date')

We get back the same DataFrame as prices:

In [11]: p2
<class 'pandas.core.frame.DataFrame'>
DatetimeIndex: 1006 entries, 2009-01-02 00:00:00 to 2012-12-31 00:00:00
Data columns:
AAPL    1006  non-null values
GE      1006  non-null values
dtypes: float64(2)

You can also use a SQLAlchemy engine:

from sqlalchemy import create_engine
e = create_engine('sqlite://')  # pass your db url

price2.to_sql(name='price2', con=cnx)

This allows you to use read_sql_table (which can only be used with SQLAlchemy):

pd.read_sql_table(table_name='price2', con=e)
#         Date   AAPL     GE
# 0 2009-01-02  89.95  14.76
# 1 2009-01-05  93.75  14.38
# 2 2009-01-06  92.20  14.58
# 3 2009-01-07  90.21  13.93
# 4 2009-01-08  91.88  13.95
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    • In case this saves anyone else grief, write_frame was deprecated, now you'll want to use pd.DataFrame.to_sql. See Wes's answer (below).
      • 1
    • @JulianDrago thanks for commenting, I will update. This answer is 6 years old, so not surprising it's out of date: I'd love to have a script to flag deprecated answers to edit (this isn't the only one). :)

Unfortunately, pandas.io.write_frame no longer exists in more recent versions of Pandas in regards to the current accepted answer. For example I'm using pandas 0.19.2. You can do something like

from sqlalchemy import create_engine

disk_engine = create_engine('sqlite:///my_lite_store.db')
price.to_sql('stock_price', disk_engine, if_exists='append')

And then in turn preview your table with the following:

df = pd.read_sql_query('SELECT * FROM stock_price LIMIT 3',disk_engine)
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Below is the code which worked for me. I was able to write it to SQLite DB.

import pandas as pd
import sqlite3 as sq
data = <This is going to be your pandas dataframe>
sql_data = 'D:\\SA.sqlite' #- Creates DB names SQLite
conn = sq.connect(sql_data)
cur = conn.cursor()
cur.execute('''DROP TABLE IF EXISTS SA''')
data.to_sql('SA', conn, if_exists='replace', index=False) # - writes the pd.df to SQLIte DB
pd.read_sql('select * from SentimentAnalysis', conn)
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