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name Punditsdkoslkdosdkoskdo

Change linear layout top margin programmatically android

i have two linear layouts in one frame layout.

<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:gravity="left"
    android:orientation="vertical">

     <FrameLayout 
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="fill_parent"
        android:background="@drawable/image12">
        <LinearLayout 
            android:layout_width="fill_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:orientation="vertical">   

                <LinearLayout
                    android:id="@+id/layoutbtnlinear_aboutme"
                    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
                    android:layout_height="55dp"
                    android:gravity="bottom"
                    android:layout_marginTop="10dp"
                     android:background="#b2b2b2" 
                    android:orientation="horizontal" >

                    <ImageView
                        android:id="@+id/imgShare_layout_aboutme"
                        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                        android:layout_height="55dp"
                        android:layout_gravity="right|center|end"
                        android:layout_weight="1.63"
                        android:src="@drawable/ic_share" />

                    <TextView
                        android:id="@+id/txtTitle_layout_aboutme"
                        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                        android:layout_height="55dp"
                        android:layout_gravity="left"
                        android:layout_weight="0.3"
                        android:fontFamily="Times New Roman"
                        android:text="About Me"
                        android:textColor="@android:color/black"
                        android:textSize="35sp"
                        android:textStyle="italic" />
                </LinearLayout>

            <LinearLayout
                android:id="@+id/content"
                android:layout_width="fill_parent"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:orientation="vertical">

                <ImageButton
                       android:id="@+id/btnSlidingDrawerHandler_layout_aboutme"
                       android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                       android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                       android:layout_gravity="center"
                       android:background="@drawable/ic_1_navigation_collapse" />


               <ListView
                    android:id="@+id/listView_layout_aboutme"
                    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
                    android:layout_height="match_parent"
                    android:footerDividersEnabled="true"
                    android:dividerHeight="4px"
                    android:isScrollContainer="true" 
                    android:scrollbarAlwaysDrawVerticalTrack="true" 
                    android:scrollbarStyle="outsideInset" 
                    android:scrollbars="vertical">
                </ListView>
            </LinearLayout>
        </LinearLayout>         
     </FrameLayout>  

</LinearLayout>

Here I'm seting top margin of linear layout with id layoutbtnlinear_aboutme to 10dp but in code I want to change this 10dp to 50dp on some condition how can I change this top margin programatically?

LayaoutParams usually create confusion while setting margin because of their parent layout... So this MarginLayoutParams is very useful.

Java Code

MarginLayoutParams params = (MarginLayoutParams) view.getLayoutParams();
params.width = 200; params.leftMargin = 100; params.topMargin = 200;

Kotlin code

val params: MarginLayoutParams = view!!.layoutParams as MarginLayoutParams
params.width = 200 
params.leftMargin = 100 
params.topMargin = 200
  • 23
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      • 2
    • This is the best solution as it allows you to set individual margins correctly. For instance, if you have to only set topMargin, just use params.topMargin = yourValue. That way the other margins will NOT be affected. If you use Riser's solution, you will have to use setMargins() which requires you to set ALL 4 margins.

This updates the top margin without the need to update the other margin values.

LinearLayout layout = (LinearLayout) findViewById(R.id.your_linear_layout);
LinearLayout.LayoutParams layoutParams = (LinearLayout.LayoutParams) layout.getLayoutParams();
layoutParams.topMargin = 200;
layout.setLayoutParams(layoutParams);
  • 8
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use this

    layout = (LinearLayout) findViewById(R.id.layuout);
    LinearLayout.LayoutParams layoutParams = new LinearLayout.LayoutParams(
         LinearLayout.LayoutParams.FILL_PARENT, LinearLayout.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT);

    layoutParams.setMargins(30, 20, 30, 0);
layout.setLayoutParams(layoutParams );
  • 4
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      • 1
    • thanks but in this code where are we going to specify the id of linear layout. that on which layout we have to set margin

Use this method to set margin in dp

private void setMargins (View view, int left, int top, int right, int bottom) {
    if (view.getLayoutParams() instanceof ViewGroup.MarginLayoutParams) {
        ViewGroup.MarginLayoutParams p = (ViewGroup.MarginLayoutParams) view.getLayoutParams();

        final float scale = getBaseContext().getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
        // convert the DP into pixel
        int l =  (int)(left * scale + 0.5f);
        int r =  (int)(right * scale + 0.5f);
        int t =  (int)(top * scale + 0.5f);
        int b =  (int)(bottom * scale + 0.5f);

        p.setMargins(l, t, r, b);
        view.requestLayout();
    }
}

Call the method :

setMargins(linearLayout,0,0,5,0);

https://stackoverflow.com/a/50951911/8523391

  • 2
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Kotlin solution:

fun LinearLayout.setMargins(left: Int? = null, top: Int? = null, right: Int? = null, bottom: Int? = null) {
    val params: LinearLayout.LayoutParams = this.layoutParams as LinearLayout.LayoutParams

    val left = left?.let { it } ?: params.leftMargin
    val top = top?.let { it } ?: params.topMargin
    val right = right?.let { it } ?: params.rightMargin
    val bottom = bottom?.let { it } ?: params.bottomMargin

    params.setMargins(left, top, right, bottom)
    this.requestLayout()
}

then you just need to:

layoutbtnlinear_aboutme.setMargins(top = 10)
  • 2
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I have set up margins directly using below code (I tried using LinearLayout.LayoutParams but is was not working for me)

LinearLayout layout = (LinearLayout)findViewById(R.id.yourrelative_layout);
LayoutParams params = new LayoutParams(LayoutParams.MATCH_PARENT,LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT);
params.setMargins(3, 300, 3, 3); 
layout.setLayoutParams(params);

Only this here is to notice that LayoutParams should be imported for following package android.widget.RelativeLayout.LayoutParams unless you will hit error.

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