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Out of memory error: Java heap memory on Android Studio

How do I fix java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: Java heap space when compiling my Android project?

I get this after I upgraded to version 1 of Android Studio. But, I don't think this is the problem. Most likely when I start upgrading my app to SDK 21 (before this was SDK 20). But I wasn't so sure either.

I've googled around for some fix, but couldn't find one that works. Most of the fix are for Eclipse IDE.

This is the full logcat error that I get when compiling:

warning: Ignoring InnerClasses attribute for an anonymous inner class
(net.lingala.zip4j.unzip.Unzip$1) that doesn't come with an
associated EnclosingMethod attribute. This class was probably produced by a
compiler that did not target the modern .class file format. The recommended
solution is to recompile the class from source, using an up-to-date compiler
and without specifying any "-target" type options. The consequence of ignoring
this warning is that reflective operations on this class will incorrectly
indicate that it is *not* an inner class.
warning: Ignoring InnerClasses attribute for an anonymous inner class
(net.lingala.zip4j.unzip.Unzip$2) that doesn't come with an
associated EnclosingMethod attribute. This class was probably produced by a
compiler that did not target the modern .class file format. The recommended
solution is to recompile the class from source, using an up-to-date compiler
and without specifying any "-target" type options. The consequence of ignoring
this warning is that reflective operations on this class will incorrectly
indicate that it is *not* an inner class.
warning: Ignoring InnerClasses attribute for an anonymous inner class
(net.lingala.zip4j.util.ArchiveMaintainer$1) that doesn't come with an
associated EnclosingMethod attribute. This class was probably produced by a
compiler that did not target the modern .class file format. The recommended
solution is to recompile the class from source, using an up-to-date compiler
and without specifying any "-target" type options. The consequence of ignoring
this warning is that reflective operations on this class will incorrectly
indicate that it is *not* an inner class.
warning: Ignoring InnerClasses attribute for an anonymous inner class
(net.lingala.zip4j.util.ArchiveMaintainer$2) that doesn't come with an
associated EnclosingMethod attribute. This class was probably produced by a
compiler that did not target the modern .class file format. The recommended
solution is to recompile the class from source, using an up-to-date compiler
and without specifying any "-target" type options. The consequence of ignoring
this warning is that reflective operations on this class will incorrectly
indicate that it is *not* an inner class.
warning: Ignoring InnerClasses attribute for an anonymous inner class
(net.lingala.zip4j.zip.ZipEngine$1) that doesn't come with an
associated EnclosingMethod attribute. This class was probably produced by a
compiler that did not target the modern .class file format. The recommended
solution is to recompile the class from source, using an up-to-date compiler
and without specifying any "-target" type options. The consequence of ignoring
this warning is that reflective operations on this class will incorrectly
indicate that it is *not* an inner class.

UNEXPECTED TOP-LEVEL ERROR:
java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: Java heap space
    at com.android.dx.rop.code.RegisterSpec$ForComparison.toRegisterSpec(RegisterSpec.java:642)
    at com.android.dx.rop.code.RegisterSpec.intern(RegisterSpec.java:73)
    at com.android.dx.rop.code.RegisterSpec.make(RegisterSpec.java:90)
    at com.android.dx.cf.code.RopperMachine.run(RopperMachine.java:323)
    at com.android.dx.cf.code.Simulator$SimVisitor.visitLocal(Simulator.java:612)
    at com.android.dx.cf.code.BytecodeArray.parseInstruction(BytecodeArray.java:412)
    at com.android.dx.cf.code.Simulator.simulate(Simulator.java:94)
    at com.android.dx.cf.code.Ropper.processBlock(Ropper.java:787)
    at com.android.dx.cf.code.Ropper.doit(Ropper.java:742)
    at com.android.dx.cf.code.Ropper.convert(Ropper.java:349)
    at com.android.dx.dex.cf.CfTranslator.processMethods(CfTranslator.java:280)
    at com.android.dx.dex.cf.CfTranslator.translate0(CfTranslator.java:137)
    at com.android.dx.dex.cf.CfTranslator.translate(CfTranslator.java:93)
    at com.android.dx.command.dexer.Main.processClass(Main.java:729)
    at com.android.dx.command.dexer.Main.processFileBytes(Main.java:673)
    at com.android.dx.command.dexer.Main.access$300(Main.java:82)
    at com.android.dx.command.dexer.Main$1.processFileBytes(Main.java:602)
    at com.android.dx.cf.direct.ClassPathOpener.processArchive(ClassPathOpener.java:284)
    at com.android.dx.cf.direct.ClassPathOpener.processOne(ClassPathOpener.java:166)
    at com.android.dx.cf.direct.ClassPathOpener.process(ClassPathOpener.java:144)
    at com.android.dx.command.dexer.Main.processOne(Main.java:632)
    at com.android.dx.command.dexer.Main.processAllFiles(Main.java:505)
    at com.android.dx.command.dexer.Main.runMultiDex(Main.java:332)
    at com.android.dx.command.dexer.Main.run(Main.java:243)
    at com.android.dx.command.dexer.Main.main(Main.java:214)
    at com.android.dx.command.Main.main(Main.java:106)

 FAILED

FAILURE: Build failed with an exception.

* What went wrong:
Execution failed for task ':app:dexDebug'.
> com.android.ide.common.internal.LoggedErrorException: Failed to run command:
    C:\Users\piracyde25\android-sdks\build-tools\21.1.1\dx.bat --dex --no-optimize --multi-dex --main-dex-list C:\Users\piracyde25\workspace\Baucar\app\build\intermediates\multi-dex\debug\maindexlist.txt --output C:\Users\piracyde25\workspace\Baucar\app\build\intermediates\dex\debug --input-list=C:\Users\piracyde25\workspace\Baucar\app\build\intermediates\tmp\dex\debug\inputList.txt
Error Code:
    3
Output:
    warning: Ignoring InnerClasses attribute for an anonymous inner class
    (net.lingala.zip4j.unzip.Unzip$1) that doesn't come with an
    associated EnclosingMethod attribute. This class was probably produced by a
    compiler that did not target the modern .class file format. The recommended
    solution is to recompile the class from source, using an up-to-date compiler
    and without specifying any "-target" type options. The consequence of ignoring
    this warning is that reflective operations on this class will incorrectly
    indicate that it is *not* an inner class.
    warning: Ignoring InnerClasses attribute for an anonymous inner class
    (net.lingala.zip4j.unzip.Unzip$2) that doesn't come with an
    associated EnclosingMethod attribute. This class was probably produced by a
    compiler that did not target the modern .class file format. The recommended
    solution is to recompile the class from source, using an up-to-date compiler
    and without specifying any "-target" type options. The consequence of ignoring
    this warning is that reflective operations on this class will incorrectly
    indicate that it is *not* an inner class.
    warning: Ignoring InnerClasses attribute for an anonymous inner class
    (net.lingala.zip4j.util.ArchiveMaintainer$1) that doesn't come with an
    associated EnclosingMethod attribute. This class was probably produced by a
    compiler that did not target the modern .class file format. The recommended
    solution is to recompile the class from source, using an up-to-date compiler
    and without specifying any "-target" type options. The consequence of ignoring
    this warning is that reflective operations on this class will incorrectly
    indicate that it is *not* an inner class.
    warning: Ignoring InnerClasses attribute for an anonymous inner class
    (net.lingala.zip4j.util.ArchiveMaintainer$2) that doesn't come with an
    associated EnclosingMethod attribute. This class was probably produced by a
    compiler that did not target the modern .class file format. The recommended
    solution is to recompile the class from source, using an up-to-date compiler
    and without specifying any "-target" type options. The consequence of ignoring
    this warning is that reflective operations on this class will incorrectly
    indicate that it is *not* an inner class.
    warning: Ignoring InnerClasses attribute for an anonymous inner class
    (net.lingala.zip4j.zip.ZipEngine$1) that doesn't come with an
    associated EnclosingMethod attribute. This class was probably produced by a
    compiler that did not target the modern .class file format. The recommended
    solution is to recompile the class from source, using an up-to-date compiler
    and without specifying any "-target" type options. The consequence of ignoring
    this warning is that reflective operations on this class will incorrectly
    indicate that it is *not* an inner class.

    UNEXPECTED TOP-LEVEL ERROR:
    java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: Java heap space
        at com.android.dx.rop.code.RegisterSpec$ForComparison.toRegisterSpec(RegisterSpec.java:642)
        at com.android.dx.rop.code.RegisterSpec.intern(RegisterSpec.java:73)
        at com.android.dx.rop.code.RegisterSpec.make(RegisterSpec.java:90)
        at com.android.dx.cf.code.RopperMachine.run(RopperMachine.java:323)
        at com.android.dx.cf.code.Simulator$SimVisitor.visitLocal(Simulator.java:612)
        at com.android.dx.cf.code.BytecodeArray.parseInstruction(BytecodeArray.java:412)
        at com.android.dx.cf.code.Simulator.simulate(Simulator.java:94)
        at com.android.dx.cf.code.Ropper.processBlock(Ropper.java:787)
        at com.android.dx.cf.code.Ropper.doit(Ropper.java:742)
        at com.android.dx.cf.code.Ropper.convert(Ropper.java:349)
        at com.android.dx.dex.cf.CfTranslator.processMethods(CfTranslator.java:280)
        at com.android.dx.dex.cf.CfTranslator.translate0(CfTranslator.java:137)
        at com.android.dx.dex.cf.CfTranslator.translate(CfTranslator.java:93)
        at com.android.dx.command.dexer.Main.processClass(Main.java:729)
        at com.android.dx.command.dexer.Main.processFileBytes(Main.java:673)
        at com.android.dx.command.dexer.Main.access$300(Main.java:82)
        at com.android.dx.command.dexer.Main$1.processFileBytes(Main.java:602)
        at com.android.dx.cf.direct.ClassPathOpener.processArchive(ClassPathOpener.java:284)
        at com.android.dx.cf.direct.ClassPathOpener.processOne(ClassPathOpener.java:166)
        at com.android.dx.cf.direct.ClassPathOpener.process(ClassPathOpener.java:144)
        at com.android.dx.command.dexer.Main.processOne(Main.java:632)
        at com.android.dx.command.dexer.Main.processAllFiles(Main.java:505)
        at com.android.dx.command.dexer.Main.runMultiDex(Main.java:332)
        at com.android.dx.command.dexer.Main.run(Main.java:243)
        at com.android.dx.command.dexer.Main.main(Main.java:214)
        at com.android.dx.command.Main.main(Main.java:106)

Is it because of one jar library I used (zip4j)? I did try to remove it, but the OOM error still occurs. Any idea how to fix this?

Edit:

I've also edited gradlew file to increase the -Xmx size.

GRADLE_OPTS="$GRADLE_OPTS \"-Xdock:name=$APP_NAME\" \"-Xdock:icon=$APP_HOME/media/gradle.icns\" \"-Xmx2048M \"-XX:MaxPermSize=512M\" \"-XX:ReservedCodeCacheSize=512M\""

Nothing changes.

Edit 2:

Also did this fix but couldn't help it too:

Try the following:

Ctrl + Alt + S -> Compiler -> Gradle

InVM Options field write:

-Xmx2048m -XX:MaxPermSize=512m

This is old, but just add this to the build file

dexOptions {
    javaMaxHeapSize "2g"
}
  • 29
Reply Report

I had a similar issue on Android Studio 2.3.3. APK packaging would fail saying Java heap space when building from Android Studio and trying to process a 300MB .so library. In my case two things were needed to fix it. Your build.gradle should contain something like that:

android {
    dexOptions {
        javaMaxHeapSize "4G"
    }
}

At the root of your project you need to have a file named gradle.properties containing the following:

# That's needed for java to be able the create the APK with our 300MB native  library
# Basically we grant java a 4GB heap.
org.gradle.jvmargs=-Xmx4608m
  • 13
Reply Report

I've finally solved it by limiting the Google Play service in gradle dependency.

The problem however was caused by the Google Play service, and by simply change it to a specific library, it is now solved.

 com.google.android.gms:play-services-base:6.5.87

UPDATE

More info on android guides

  • 9
Reply Report

The answers above are for gradle builds (or the general -Xmx). In case someone gets here for a non-gradle project, I solved the issue by increasing the maximum heap size of DEX in android studio settings => Build, Execution, Deployment => Compiler => Android Compilers

  • 2
Reply Report
      • 1
    • I found this config in File - > other Settings -> Default Settings -> Build, Execution, Deployment -> Compiler -> Android Compilers

you have changed the wrong arguments, you should increase the size on -XX:MaxPermSize=512M to -XX:MaxPermSize=2048M or so :) because the android emulator uses a lot of RAM.

  • 1
Reply Report
      • 2
    • This is not correct, XX:MaxPermSize is used to store "data needed by the virtual machine to describe objects that do not have an equivalence at the Java language level. For example objects describing classes and methods are stored in the permanent generation." (oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/gc-tuning-6-140523.html) I can hardly think of any scenario where AimanB's code and Android Studio would require more than 512MB of RAM to store Classes (not Objects) and Methods. The problem lie elsewhere
    • You have a point there. Maybe the best thing now would be to create a dump with jvisualVM (it's in the bin folder of your jdk) and then analyze it with MAT, which is free and better for analyzing dumps.
      • 2
    • start the jvisualVM before you start the emulator, and you can see in the left side of jvisualVM's window the active processes, start then the emulator, you will see in JVM the emulator's process and open the monitor tab, you will see how much heap will allocate for the process. After your java android process crashes create a dump with JVM and then open that dump with MAT and investigate all the leaks.

Here is what I did:

1st step: In your App, go to GRADLE SCRIPTS -> GRADLE.PROPERTIES -> change org.gradle.jvmargs=-Xmxm to org.gradle.jvmargs=-Xmx4G

2nd Step: In your App, go to GRADLE SCRIPTS -> build.gradle -> in the android{

//add this line:

dexOptions {
   javaMaxHeapSize = "4G"
   }
}
  • 1
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This issue also may happen with usage of the debug build of Proguard. To solve it change minifyEnabled and shrinkResources to false.

android {
...
buildTypes {
    release {
        minifyEnabled true
        shrinkResources true
        proguardFiles getDefaultProguardFile('proguard-android.txt')
    }

    debug {
        minifyEnabled false
        shrinkResources false
        proguardFiles getDefaultProguardFile('proguard-android.txt')
    }
} }  
  • 0
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None of the answers worked for me but finally I found something that worked in my case:

Automatically managing paging files size

In windows:

  1. Under "Advanced System Settings"
  2. Advanced Tab
  3. Performance section, settings...
  4. Advanced Tab
  5. Virtual memory... Change...
  6. Select Automatically manage paging files size for all drives

I don't remember why I had this unchecked but this was causing trouble in my gradle builds (with flutter).

  • 0
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